What is CBT?

CBT, or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a way to manage problems by changing the way you think and behave. It can be used for a variety mental and physical health problems but most commonly for anxiety and depression.

It’s a collaborative talking therapy through which you work with your counsellor to examine how you think (cognitive) and examine the things you do (behavioural) – how your thoughts, beliefs and attitudes affect how you feel and behave. Then, as you understand yourself more, it teaches you coping skills to deal with your problems.

For instance, you may think in unhelpful ways such as not distinguishing between what are facts and what are irrational thoughts, jumping to negative conclusions, or seeing situations as simply good or bad with no middle ground. If this negative way of thinking becomes embedded and automatic it can lead to mental health issues.

CBT teaches you the skills to change your negative way of thinking by challenging your thoughts and getting you to compare them with reality. This, in turn, reduces distress and enables you to feel more in control.

CBT can be useful in many situations as it actively involves you in the process of targeting specific problems with the goal the solve them – it teaches you the tools to help yourself.

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